Posts tagged double basses
Joseph Scholefield

During the spring months of 2018 I had a repair job from a customer with a bass attributed to “Schofield”. There was little to no information about the maker, who he was, where or when he lived. We had a few little snippets of information with some suggesting that he was a farmer or blacksmith, and that he made basses for churches around Leeds, this was commonly agreed upon but nothing much else was known. After researching occasionally for a few weeks I gave up thinking that there was no more information to be found for the customer.

Fast forward a couple of months, whilst doing some other research in some newspaper archives I saw a glimpse of something odd, looking closer, I had inadvertently stumbled on the correct spelling of his name, a small advert from 1914 of someone selling a “double bass made by Scholefied”. From this piece of information I was able to find out a lot more.

Joseph Scholefield was born in Birstall, near Leeds in 1790, and was married to Elizabeth Gill (1794-1861) on 17th August 1814, the two never had children, and his main occupation was listed as a Machine Maker. At the time, the area was very important for cotton manufacturing and it is probable, but not definite, that he would have made and repaired hand looms and spinners for the local workers. During this time most of cotton spinning work was done residentially before it moved into factory work later. He had two apprentices through his career, John Yates and Luke Kelsall (Joseph's nephew), the later taking over Joseph's business when he died.

During his lifetime he made at least 11 basses, however it is likely that there were 13 or maybe even a couple more. They were all of the same model, whether he used a mould or an outline is unknown. All known basses have the same violin corner outline, arched back, and cello shaped top bouts, some have since been cut down or raised at the top bouts. The scrolls are all of large proportion and would have originally been made for 3 strings, there are no labels or branding by the maker.

By 1839 he had made at least 10 basses and he continued to make and advertise them for sale until 1847. It seems as though the first 10 were made for churches around the local areas before 1839 when he started to try and sell them through newspaper advertisements, whether this was because he was in need of money due to the Industrial Revolution impeding on his main career or if the churches no longer needed or wanted them is unknown. The churches that had Scholefield's basses were:

  • Wesley Chapel, Leeds

  • Zion Chapel Wakefield

  • Gomersal Chapel

  • Calverley Chapel

  • Holmefirth Chapel

  • Birstall Chapel

  • Baptist Chapel Salendine Nook, Nr Huddersfield

  • Batley Methodist Chapel

  • Primitive Methodist Chapel, Holbeck

  • Eccleshill Methodist Chapel

They were also located, or bought by:

  • Mr. Marsden in Bradford

  • Mr Wardle in Beeston (Who played for the Leeds Choral Society)

  • The Liverpool Choral Society

  • Bradford Choral Band

Joseph Scholefield died on 16th December 1849 at the age of 59 years old and was buried at the Weslyan Chapel, Birstall.

Thomas Tarr
thomas tarr.jpg

As I am double bass maker in Sheffield the name Thomas Tarr had been floating around since day one and so I felt I should do some investigating. There is little published information on him as he is a lesser known maker and is overshadowed by his father. Following my research, I was lucky enough to be able to contribute a small amount of the information for inclusion in the new English Double Bass Book by Thomas Martin, George Martin and Martin Lawrence.

Thomas Tarr was born in Manchester in 1833, to the famous double bass maker William Tarr and his wife Eliza, he started training at his father's Manchester workshop in 1846 when he was only 13. By the time he was 14 he had completed his first violin and was already being played in the Theatre Royal in Manchester. Thomas continued training and working for his father for another 12 years.

In 1858 (at the age of 25) he moved to Sheffield with his first wife Mary Anne. At the time, Sheffield was famous for it's blind fiddlers, a group who gathered at the local 'Q in the Corner' pub in Paradise Square. Thomas and Mary Anne first moved into another pub, 'The Old Cock Inn' which backed onto Paradise Square, at the time it was known as a very rowdy area, with brawling and music late into the night. Thomas opened his business in a room there, as advertised in the Sheffield Daily Telegraph (image above), but soon moved to his main workshop at 33 Orchard Street (which is currently a Fat Face clothing shop).

The Orchard Street shop was perfectly located, in the centre of the city, near many of the big piano stores, rehearsal rooms and music venues. It had a large showroom in the front where he sold violins, violas, cellos, double basses, bows, strings and occasional pianos. The back and upstairs of the shop was a workshop where he would make and repair instruments. Over the years he expanded his business by opening other shops around the city, (56 Division Street, 23 Lydgate, 49 Arundel Street, 13 Kearsley Street, 98 Norfolk Street). As he moved house regularly some of the workshops he had would have been in the houses (53 Suffolk Road, 35 Mckenzie Street, 35 Arundel Street).

At the time Sheffield had a great number of music and entertainment venues, Thomas played double bass and violin for a number of local groups and orchestras and would occasionally play concerts around the city.

Thomas had three children with Mary Anne, (Aubrey b. 1861, Charlotte b. 1863 and Annie b. 1867) and two children with his second wife Elizabeth (Charles b. 1885 and Jenny b. 1887).

On Monday 03 July 1899 Thomas retired, auctioning his remaining stock the following day through W.H. And J.A. Cadon. The instruments on the list included: Piano by Kirkman, Violin by Joesph Guanarius filimus Andreas, Cello by Richard Duke, Violin by Klotz, Violin by Schmidt, Violin by Martin as well as instruments made by himself.

Thomas Tarr died of heart disease on 20th November 1900 at the age of 67 on Crookes Moor Road, Sheffield (in a strange coincidence, this was the same road which I lived on when I first started learning instrument making), and was buried in Norton Cemetery on 23rd November 1900.

New Blog and more....

Hello, welcome to my blog, whilst working hard on repairs recently I have had some time to write a bit and so I will be sharing some of that in the near future. In the meantime I have recently set up a few new social media accounts for anyone who would like to find out more through that medium:

Twitter: twitter.com/hepplestonbass

Facebook: facebook.com/hepplestondoublebasses

As well as my on going Instagram: instagram.com/heppleston_doublebasses